Food & Beverage Industry – How to Specify Industrial Water Filtration Equipment in the Food Industry

Water filtration applications in a Food and Beverage facility

In a typical Food and Beverage facility there are many different water and process applications, each demanding its own specific level of water purity. The presence, flows and purity of each of these streams is driven by the Food and Beverage plant design, e.g. canning, dry-goods, soft-drink, brewery.

These can include:

  • Pre-treatment of well, surface or city water
  • Boiler water treatment
  • Condensate treatment
  • Process water treatment
  • Cleaning and sterilization service water
  • Hygiene Services
  • Waste water disposal.

Regardless of the application, there is a good chance that some type of industrial water filtration will be required in order for the Food and Beverage application to operate at its peak efficiency.  

Defining the Types of Water Filtration Systems

Water filtration options can be divided into two major categories, based upon the filtering media used

  • granular and
  • membrane.

Granular water filtration has been used for many decades in the Food and Beverage Industry, and will be familiar to most. Examples of granular media filtration include sand filters; activated carbon filters for taste, odor, and chlorine removal; anthracite filters; and fine garnet filters.

These types of filters can remove suspended particles down to about 10 microns in diameter (1 micron = 10-6 meters). With the use of certain coagulant or flocculation polymers fed prior to these filters (fed as filter aids), some success has been seen in the removal of particles down to almost 1 micron.

The spacing between the discrete filtering media particles serves as the pores. Suspended solids trapped out by these filters will be collected on top of the filtration media bed, or within the pores.

Membrane water filtration uses membranes to remove suspended particles. Unlike granular filters, the membranes are designed with pores and are capable of removing much smaller particles. The ultimate membrane filtration is reverse osmosis (RO), where dissolved solids (metal ions) can be removed. This is not really a filtration mechanism in the truest sense of the words, as the semi-permeable membranes used in RO do not have pores. It is more properly thought of as a demineralization mechanism.

Membrane water filtration is best characterized by the size range of the filterable particles, as follows:

  1. Microfiltration (MF) can include woven or wound depth-type cartridge filters, or true membrane filters. Can remove particles from about 0.1 micron to over 1 micron.
  2. Ultrafiltration (UF) can remove particles from below 0.01 microns to over 0.1 microns. Can remove some large molecular weight organic dissolved material.
  3. Nanofiltration (NF) can remove particles from below 0.001 microns to 0.01 microns. Can remove smaller molecular weight organics.
  4. RO can remove particles from 0.0001 microns to 0.001 microns. Can also remove DISSOLVED IONIC SOLIDS.

Kassem Mohamad Ajami – A Steel Magnate & Managing Director Of Two Steel Manufacturing Ventures

Kassem Mohamad Ajami is a veteran of steel industry with an experience of 20+ years, this steel magnate found the passion in dealing with steel structures & products manufacturing and was only 20 when realized that steel has a great margin & can be turned for use to sustain a profitable business.

It was his sheer belief & idea that led to the foundation of his big venture called Saba Steel Industrial Nigeria Ltd. and other venture named Metal Berg Manufacturing Limited to dedicatedly serve the West Africa & Nigerian market with globally approved & standardized steel products. Kassem Mohamad Ajami provides the service with the world-class process-based approach as he brings his 14 years’ experience into his work. His extreme leadership qualities made him a superior leader, leading a team of exceptional executive leaders like CFO, General Managers and all the other members of his team.

This steel magnate cum industrialist was keen to set up a structure where businesses or clients can find all the steel manufactured solutions & products under one hood. That too with extreme quality & certification drawn by third-party international quality assurance team.

Their aim is to distribute a wide range of products in terms of size, shape, dimensions, all customized as per the different industries or commercial setting’s needs.

The key behind managing both the ventures is – his vision to snuggle the global market with competitive & quality products.

What makes Kassem Mohamad Ajami so prolific in managing two ventures? His indulgence in innovation, engineering of products that are customized to implement and are circulated at rates that are easily accepted.

His aim is to target the global market by utilizing the rich resources & markets of all of Nigeria with steel product that not only just blends in any business process but works indirectly to help businesses reap further profits & long-term yields.

His approach being agile & adaptable has what led to the foundation of two big chains.

His premier enterprise Saba Steel Industrial Nigeria is dedicated to engineering steel structures to industrial sectors mainly – Aluminum smelters, heavy industries, cement plants, storage depots, truck bodies and more.

Another one, Metal Berg Manufacturing Limited is a member of Saba Steel Industrial Nigeria Limited and is focused on steel construction & fabrication. The company manufactures pre-engineered buildings (PEB) for warehouses & multi-storey structures and wide range of services including Fabrication & Erection of Steel Structures, Silos and Tanks, Manufacturing of Cylinders and Overhead Cranes, TMT Rebars, Ship scrapping.

What Are Steel Tubes & In Which Industry Type They Are Most Utilized?

What is steel tube?

There are the pipe like structure made up of different alloys like Manganese, Aluminium, Tungsten & Titanium. They are strong, tough & durable in nature and are often moulded in rectangular, round & square shape. They say – every year around tonnes of steel tubing’s are manufactured – as it has vast application in various construction industries.

Types of steel tube

They are of two types – seamless & welded. Molten steel is passed through the piercing rod to convert them in hollow-shaped seamless steel tubes. Welded steel ones are manufactured by rolling and curling a steel plate and welding it at the seams to provide it strength & endurance.

In earlier times, seamless tubes were considered as robust & stronger than welded ones. But with advances in technology, now welded ones are also sufficiently strong and are being used for many industry-specific requirements.

Application of steel tubing in different industry/domestic setting

Steel tubes are comprehensively used now in industrial & domestic settings. In industry settings, they are valued & utilized for their extreme endurance and capacity to withstand destructive elements, sudden temperature and pressure of environmental forces. In domestic settings, they are utilized for the gas pipes and is embedded inside the appliances, even in the refrigerator, there is a steel pipe.

Top industries where steel structures are highly utilized

These steel pipes are mostly utilized in construction/ engineering field and automobile manufacturing field.

In Construction & Engineering

• The industrial settings HSS (hollow structural sections) tubing’s are either circular, rectangular or square (suiting to the industry’s requirement).

• The ones that are circular are called CHS (circular hollow structural), square ones are called SHS (square hollow structural) and the rectangular ones are called RHS (rectangular hollow structural).

• On construction sites, they are used to manufacture metal scaffolding which are used to make the movement of workers and the heavy equipment or materials with ease. The best part, these structures don’t require the nuts & bolts to bring the structure in one whole shape.

• Circular & square HSS are often used for making the columns of a structure, whereas, rectangular HSS is commonly used in welded frames.

In Automobile Manufacturing

• The steel tubing in the automobile industry are on hype these days ever since the early 90’s.

• In such settings, they are often used to manufacture parts of the automobile or various vehicles.

• The suspension, vehicle control systems & fuel injection parts are made using the industry-grade steel tubes only.