A flange is a ring or collar, usually provided with holes for bolts, and screwed or welded over the end of a tube or pipe to permit other objects to be attached to it. Flanges are often used in plumbing, pipelines and construction zones. Flanges are very useful because they can be adapted to the needs of a project. If a pipeline needs to change course, for example, the flange can be removed and changed to accommodate the new pipeline channel. Flanges are also valuable because they serve as reinforcement for pipes, making them much stronger than they are on their own.
There are many different types of flanges but below are a few of the most common:
Anchor flanges: Anchor Flanges are used to anchor pipe – often when crossing streams or ravines. They are a double hub piece of steel that is put into a special holder that is part of a piling to support the pipeline and resist loading. The anchor structure is welded to the pipe and usually embedded in concrete. Anchor flanges actually contain axial thermal expansion – that is axial thrust in pipelines. The assumed design temperature change is 90 degrees Fahrenheit. The thrust is transferred to the anchor foundation -in which the anchor is mounted. These flanges are used at crossings and points with changes in pipeline direction.
Expander flanges: An Expander Flange is a type of welding neck pipe flange used to increase pipe size at the flange connection. Expander flanges are also known as a cost-effective alternative to using a separate reducer-welding neck flange combination. Some advantages of the expander flange are that its compact size saves space when compared to reducer-welding neck flange and that only one butt-weld is needed for installation making it very cost-effective.
Split flanges: A split flange is easily installed on pre-existing piping. It is made up of two interlocking pieces that fit securely together using nuts and bolts or welding it into place. Because it is made of two parts, split flanges are used to reinforce weakened areas of piping, or to add an attachment in places conventional flanges cannot.
Like most other industries, flanges have standards that they must meet in order to be sold and used it the field. Flanges manufactured in the United States are judged by ASME standards. Flanges that are made to ASME standards are usually made from forged materials. Flanges are important pieces of equipment that are used on most every construction site, pipeline and plumbing job in the world. These are just a few types of flanges to give you an idea of what to look for and how diverse flanges are. There are many flange manufacturers that provide very high-quality products. When choosing a manufacturing, be sure that the sales representative is knowledgeable about their inventory and the capabilities of their flanges.
A majority of all industrial occupations involve overexertion that invariably leads to accidents and hazards. Handling and storing materials in different industries involve diverse operations such as hoisting tons of steel with a crane; driving a truck loaded with concrete blocks; carrying bags or materials manually; and stacking palletized bricks or other materials such as drums, barrels, kegs, and lumber. A survey reveals that an estimated 30 percent of the workforce is exposed to the hazard of lifting everyday. Materials handling equipment are an essential solution for reducing the risk of physical injuries for employees at work place.
Manual material handling implies unaided moving of objects, which often leads to twisted and awkward postures resulting in musculoskeletal disorders. Moreover, with the increase in the female population at workplaces and a generally older workforce, risk of injuries due to manual material handling has certainly increased. Having the right material handling equipment has become essential for a smooth and efficient workflow and high productivity.
Material Handling Equipment can be custom built in any shape or form to suit any application. Material handling equipment is used to transport, stack, recover and feed bulk materials. The concept of material handling equipment is to provide bulk material handling solutions to industries worldwide. Rollers, belts and chains are among the items that can be incorporated into a custom-built piece of material handling equipment. A variety of hydraulic and electric drives are also available. Every piece of equipment is ruggedly constructed for many years of operation.
The perfect choice of material handling equipment and good design of the material handling system and facility layout can increase productivity and reduce investments and operations’ costs. When deciding what material handling equipment to use, it is important to take into account the general characteristics of the equipment types available in the market.
Among the major materials handling equipment are Conveyors, Stackers, Reclaimers and Hoppers. Conveyors often referred to as conveyor belts are made of two end pulleys with a continuous loop of rotating material feeding through them. Conveyors are used to transport materials such as coal, ores and grains. Stackers are another form of material handling equipment used to stack bulk material onto a stockpile. Reclaimers work closely with stackers. Reclaimers are used to recover bulk material that has been placed in a stockpile. Hoppers are also a type of material handling equipment. Hoppers help to feed bulk materials into other machines.
Material handling equipment is undoubtedly the best solution to improve productivity while reducing the potential of workplace injury. Versatility, reliability, state-of-the-art technology and superior execution are making modern material handling equipment an utmost necessity for a variety of industries. Reduce the total amount of required manual material handling and minimize the hazards associated with these activities by creating a unified material handling system making the right material handling equipment selection. Reduce costs and improve efficiency in industrial material handling by providing the perfect selection of material handling equipment.
If you want to start an industrial maintenance company, there are several things that you need to do to be successful in this kind of business. Just follow some important information below before you start your industrial maintenance company.
The first thing that you have to do is to make preparation. This type of company commonly provides wide range of services that include cleaning, repair and routine equipment maintenance, installations, and painting. It is known that there are different requirements from various industries. Therefore, as an entrepreneur, you should spend your time to find where there is a need and also what kind of lack services in the area. You can start by finding the experienced staff before you offer services that you may not be able to provide. You can hire an electrician who is already familiar with the large industrial equipment. Besides, you also need to search for subcontractors at the beginning who are able to work on-call every time when needed.
The second thing that you should do is to train and hire a cleaning crew. The crew has to be prepared for handling jobs like cleaning industrial curing ovens, fans and light fixtures, ductwork and exhaust systems, in addition to floors, offices, and restrooms. By cooperating with training company, you can be easily to train cleaning crew.
The third thing that you need to do is to invest in software program which can beneficially help you in managing your business and also giving you the ability in managing the schedules of maintenance for your clients. By offering this service to your customers, you will be able to take off all of the maintenance concerns from your clients while you can make yourself indispensable and securing the contract. Besides, you also need to search for suppliers that offer innovative cleaning products which can make the best use of your staff time as well as impress clients.